While energy production provides economic benefits to Colorado, the extraction of fossil fuels can result in negative environmental impacts, such as the emission of greenhouse gases.
Colorado encourages responsible extraction by working collaboratively with industry leaders on regulations to reduce negative impacts and protect Colorado’s natural environment. Oil and gas development is regulated as a matter of mixed state and local concern.
Counties in Colorado often work directly with operators to negotiate Memorandum of Understandings (MOU) or Memorandum of Agreements (MOA) through which the parties agree on stipulations and best management practices for oil and gas development within the purview of the local authority.
For more information on oil and gas production as well as mining in Colorado, see the Colorado Department of Natural Resources. There you can find the Division of Reclamation Mining and Safety and the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission. More information on the air and water quality regulations for extraction of minerals can be found through the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.